Majlis-e-Shura (the Parliament) consists of the President and two houses, known respectively as the National Assembly and the Senate. The Senate was constituted for the first time in 1973 under Article 50 of the Constitution of Pakistan that stipulates a bi-cameral Parliament.

Senate Elections, 2018

The term of half of the 104 members of the Senate expired on 11 March 2018. The election to fill the 52 seats being vacated by these senators was held on 3 March 2018.

Fifty of the retiring senators completed their six-year terms. Two who were elected to seats reserved for non-Muslims retired after the completion of a term of three years.

It may be recalled that four seats for non-Muslim members were filled for the first time in the election held in March 2012. Half of them retired after three years in 2015 and the other half completed a six-year term in 2018. The ECP drew lots to determine the terms of four senators elected on seats reserved for non-Muslims. As a result, two senators from KP and Balochistan retired in March 2015 and those elected from Punjab and Sindh completed six-year terms in 2018.

The polling was held in Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar and Quetta. Most of the seats were won by political parties as expected. There was no political upset or complaints about counting of votes.

In pursuance of Article 59 of the Constitution, the election of senators from FATA is held in a manner prescribed by the President. Accordingly, the existing law is laying down that a voter (Member of National Assembly from FATA) shall have as many votes as the number of seats to be filled.

Due to the decision of the Supreme Court of Pakistan against the PML-N leadership, the candidates from PML-N were declared an independent by the ECP. Due to this change, PML-N-backed candidates won 15 seats but notified as independent candidates.

Results

The details of seats bagged by political parties in the March 2018 Senate election are as follows:

Province Federal Capital FATA Punjab Sindh KP Balochistan Total
Party
PPP 0 0 0 10 2 0 12
PML-N* 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
MQM 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
JUI-F 0 0 0 0 1 1 2
PTI 0 0 1 0 6 0 7
JI 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
National Party 0 0 0 0 0 2 2
PML-F 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Independents 2 4 11 0 2 7 26
Total 2 4 12 12 12 10 52

Due to the Supreme Court decision on the disqualification of PML-N’s chief, the tickets issued by him were canceled by the ECP. Hence, the party candidates became independent. For our understanding, we can refer to them as independents backed by PML-N. Some 15 such candidates were elected in the 2018 Senate election.

Party position

After the 2018 Senate election, PML-N emerged as the largest party in the Senate although it has 15 independent senators. It now has 33 senators in the Senate (18 existing and 15 newly elected independents backed by PML-N).

Final party position in the 2018 Senate is as follows:

Party No of senators elected in 2015 No of senators elected in 2018 Total
PPP 8 12 20
PML-N 18 15*(independents backed by PML-N) 33
ANP 1 0 1
MQM 4 1 5
JUI-F 2 2 4
BNP-A 0 0
PTI 6 6 12
PMAP 3 2 5
BNP 1 0 1
NP 3 2 5
JI 1 1 2
PML-F 1 1
Independents 5 10*(excluding independents backed by PML-N) 15
Total 52 52 104

Senate seats in 2015 and in 2018

Party position after the Senate election held in 2015 and in 2018, as given in the table below, shows a major shift in the strength of some of political parties in the Upper House:

Party Seats in 2015 Seats after the 2018 election Increase/Decrease
PPP 27 20 -7
PML-N 26 33*including 15 independents backed by PML-N +5
PML-Q 4 0 -4
MQM 8 5 -3
ANP 7 1 -6
PTI 6 12 +6
JUI-F 5 4 -1
BNP-Awami 2 0 -2
JI 1 1 +1
BNP(M) 1 0 -1
PML-F 1 1 0
PKMAP 3 5 +2
National Party 3 2 +2
Independents 10 10* excluding 15 independents backed by PML-N 0

Party position in the Senate before March 2018

Province

KP Punjab Sindh Balochistan Federal Capital FATA Total
PPPP 04 02 14 04 02 26
PTI 07 07
PML-N 04 18 03 02 27
MQM-A 08 08
ANP 05 01 06
JUI-F 02 03 05
PML-F 01 01
BNP-M 01 01
BNP-A 02 02
PK-MAP 03 03
NP 03 03
PML-Q 01 02 04
JIP 01 01
IND 02 08 10
Total 23 23 23 23 04 08 104

List of senators retired on 11 March 2018

No. Senator Status of seat Party affiliation
KP
                     1. Ahmed Hassan General PPPP
                     2. Farhatullah Babar Technocrat PPPP
                     3. Rubina Khalid Women PPPP
                     4. Nisar Muhammad General PML-N
                     5. Azam Khan Sawati General PTI
                     6. Muhammad Tallah Mahmood General JUI-F
                     7. Baz Muhammad Khan General ANP
                     8. Ilyas Ahmed Bilour Technocrat ANP
                     9. Shahi Syed General ANP
                   10. Zahida Khan Women ANP
                   11. Haji Saifullah Khan Bangash General PPPP
FATA
                   12. Hidayatullah Khan General IND
                   13. Hilalur Rehman General IND
                   14. Malik Najamul Hassan General IND
                   15. Muhammad Saleh Shah General IND
FEDERAL AREA
                   16. Osman Saifullah General PPPP
                   17. Mushahid Hussain Syed Technocrat PML
PUNJAB
                   18. Hamza General PML-N
                   19. Kamran Michael Non-Muslim PML-N
                   20. Mohammad Ishaq Dar Technocrat PML-N
                   21. Muhammad Zafarullah Khan Dhandla General PML-N
                   22. Nuzhat Sadiq Women PML-N
                   23. Saud Majeed General PPPP
                   24. Sirdar Zulfiqar Ali Khan Khosa General PML-N
                   25. Syed Asif Saeed Kirmani General PML-N
                   26. Kamil Ali Agha General PML
                   27. Aitzaz Ahsan Technocrat PPPP
                   28. Khalida Parveen Women PPPP
                   29. Muhammad Mohsin Khan Leghari General INP
Sindh
                   30. Barrister Murtaza Wahab General PPPP
                   31. Hari Ram Non Mulim PPPP
                   32. Karim Ahmed Khawaja General PPPP
                   33. Mian Raza Rabbani General PPPP
                   34. Mukhtiar Ahmed Dhamraa-Aajiz General PPPP
                   35. Sehar Kamran Women PPP
                   36. Taj Haider Technocrat PPPP
                   37. Col(r) Syed Tahir Hussain Mashhadi General MQM
                   38. Dr,Muhammad Farogh Naseem Technocrat MQM
                   39. Nasreen Jalil Women MQM
                   40. Maulana Tanveerul Haq Thanvi General MQM
                   41. Syed Muzzafar Hussain Shah General PML-F
Balochistan
                   42. Muhammad Daud Khan Achakzai General ANP
                   43. Mir Israrullah Khan Zehri General BNP-A
                   44. Naseema Ehsan Women BNP-A
                   45. Maulana Hafiz Hamdulllah General JUI-F
                   46. Mufti Abdul Sattar Technocrat JUI-F
                   47. Rubina Irfan Women PML
                   48. Saeedul Hassan Mandokhail General PML
                   49. Muhammad Yousaf General PPPP
                   50. Nawabzada Saifullah Magsi General PPPP
                   51. Rozi Khan Kakar Technocrat PPPP
                   52. Sardar Fateh Muhammah Muhammad Hassani General PPPP